Photography serves as proof of its importance as a powerful weapon in the war against crime, almost in every forensic case. It has now become a reality that even the simple images taken with a simple cameras will make an incredible difference in court decisions.
Significance of Photography in Forensic Science & Crime Scene Investigation:
1. It is one of the best method of the recording and preservation of the scene of crime : Approaching the crime scene and searching for the shreds of evidence is a tedious task. An investigator may displace any evidence (by mistake or by other means), and this will be of great concern in the investigation. Therefore, it is always suggested to photograph the crime scene first even without touching or searching for the evidences. This will keep a good record of the crime scene encountered, and its condition will be well preserved. Also, at any point in time, court may ask to prove or disprove a fact that can be clearly established with the help of adequately documented photographs.
2.The method of representation of the crime scene and the evidences in the court of law: You can not take the crime scene or the dead body to the courtroom. It is only the photographs that serve as the visual representation of the crime scene and certain pieces of evidence in the courtroom. Hence, properly photographed crime scenes and the evidences are the crucial things for the success of the investigation.
3. A busy investigating officer may overlook certain evidences that can be ascertained later on careful examination of the photographs: Many times it happens that a busy investigating officer or the forensic expert due to the complexity of the crime scene, or media intervention, or because of any other such issue, may overlook certain evidences on the spot. However, in the later stages, with the help of the photographs, he may encounter some new clues in the direction of an investigation.
4. Unbiased conclusions: We can not always rely on the statements of the witnesses, suspects, or the victim. To check the accuracy or otherwise of these statements, photographs are the best evidences. The only glitch here is that the photographs have not been manipulated. This can easily be checked by a computer forensic expert (if needed by the court) on-demand along with the source memory stick. Several cases have solely being solved based on the photographs and the video footage.
5.Recording of the invisible evidences or missed evidences: With the use of Ultra-Violet and Infra-red photography, an investigator/forensic photographer may uncover certain invisible evidences such as washed off blood stains and other biological fluids, secret writings, latent fingerprints, etc.
|Luminol Blood Stains During UV Photography|