Skip to main content

Fingerprints || Part 1 || Introduction

How to Write a Forensic Report/Analysis Report/Forensic Opinion?


Dr. Bhoopesh Kumar Sharma
Forensic Expert & Associate Professor

In terms of the participation of the forensic practitioner in the case, the forensic examination report is a critical and primary element. Whether you're writing for a client, a lawyer, or your supervisor, most of us need some scientific way to communicate our results.

Forensic Reports/Opinions are needed:

  • In Criminal and civil investigations
  • The forensic science acts as an aid to guide the investigator or jury to reach to a conclusion 
  • To provides decision-makers with facts needed to decide the matter and to ensure a successful investigation.
  • To link the evidences with the crime and the criminal (or suspect)
  • To prove or disprove the fact in issue
  • To exonerate the innocent from the case

General Structure of a Forensic Report

     Title of the Examination report- It means whether it is toxicological/handwriting opinion/ballistics etc. with proper legal section of the evidence act of that particular country or region.

Name and address of the laboratory with contact information like telephone, mobile, fax, email.

Affiliation of the laboratory showing its legal entity and accreditation status. In case you are a freelancer, your all credentials with your expertise and experience must be mentioned on the letter head of the report or at the end of the report.

Unique ID No. of the report with date (if applicable)

Name of the customer (client/attorney/individual) with reference letter  number and date (assignment letter)

Case Enquiry/ DD/ FIR no. ………date ………….u/s……….Police Station, under which court (if applicable)

Mode of receipt of material (evidences/specimens) : Through messenger or by post / by  mail

Sampling Method; How the sampling done by the IO/ Investigator/ Forensic Expert

Reference to the Test Method(s);  Reference to lab procedure manual/ books/published standard method- used in the examination, or sometimes to the previous cases solved or convicted.

Condition of Parcels/Test samples and seals; eg. Received. One sealed/ unsealed ..parcel. The seals were intact and tallied with the specimen seal as per forwarding authority letter.

Description of Specimens/Parcels/Samples/Exhibits etc.

Methodology of Examination

Result of Examination & Opinion

Signature or examining officer along with seal.

General Rules of Writing Forensic Report

Your reports must be divided into three main sections :

1. The beginning
2. The middle (main body)
3. The End (Result, conclusion and opinion)

The beginning usually talks about the executive summary, complaint summary, investigation summary, and conclusion summary.

The main body must consists of the background, the evidences considered, and the analysis conducted.

The end talk about the facts, conclusions, opinions, and signature, time, and date.


  1. We read your blog , share most useful information in blog . Miami Private Investigation

  2. Nice article, which you have shared here. Your article is very informative and I liked your way to express your views in this post. The article you have shared here is very informative and the points you have mentioned are very helpful. Thanks for sharing this article here. Cyber forensics and investigation

  3. Thank you for providing me with such valuable information about Computer Forensic company London. This article provided me with some useful knowledge. Continue to make posts like this.

  4. When it comes to flushing cannabinoids out of your system, nothing beats a natural cleanse. However, not everyone is fortunate enough to discover more than 30 days before the test date. This means that you would need to resort to other THC detoxing options in most cases. You should try the following methods if you do not have time for a THC detox: Many situations can necessarily require the use of a drug test kit that can easily be used at home. Perhaps your child has been behaving weirdly recently, and you suspect drug use or you have a drug test coming up and want to know if you are clean. Thanks to medical advances, you no longer need to run to a hospital to take a urine drug test. Visit:

  5. It is nice and informative post which you have shared here with us. I am looking for Detox Centers in Bakersfield CA | Your writing method is nice. I like it. Keet it up.

  6. The information in the post you posted here is useful because it contains some of the best information available. Thanks for sharing it. Keep up the good work. pls visit our website blood testing.

  7. This article provided me with a wealth of information about Forensic Investigations. The article is both educational and helpful. Thank you for providing this information. Keep up the good work.

  8. Much obliged for distributing such best information with us. You are doing a particularly incredible work. This information is extremely useful for everybody. Keep it up. Thanks. Read more information about Murder Mystery Game.

  9. Thanks for sharing the best information and suggestions, it is very nice and very useful to us. I appreciate the work that you have shared in this post. Keep sharing these types of articles here.Flushing Shared Office Space

  10. أنت تقدم المعرفة الأساسية. إنها معلومات مفيدة وهامة عن اسعار النانو سيراميك في السعودية بالنسبة لنا والجميع لزيادة المعرفة. استمر في مشاركة بياناتك. شكرا مرة أخرى لتقاسمها.

  11. Thrive Wellness Group is a drop-in care specialty center, providing relief to those suffering from debilitating health conditions. We offer cutting edge infusion therapy for those suffering from Hepatitis C, HIV/AIDS, Parkinson's Disease, Psoriasis and other chronic ailments. Our compassionate care teams have one goal in mind: To help our patients achieve optimal health and wellness.

  12. Hi there, I read your blogs on a regular basis. Your humoristic style is witty, keep it up! Thank You for Providing Such a Unique and valuable information, If you are looking for the best detective agency in mumbai, then visit Veteran Investigation Services (VIS). I enjoyed this blog post.

  13. Your blog is very valuable which you have shared here about Factoring Attorney I appreciate your efforts which you have put into this blog and also it is a gainful blog for us. Thank you for sharing this here.


  14. Thanks for discussing, great news. This type of news is really appreciative. I have great news. Your article is very informative, Visit Counterdrone defence. Thanks for sharing.

  15. Thanks for a very interesting blog for credit research report . What else may I get that kind of info written in such a perfect approach? I’ve got an undertaking that I am simply now operating on, and I have been on the lookout for such info.

  16. I will share it with my other friends as the information is really very useful. Read more info about Private Investigation Agency Manchester. Keep sharing your excellent work.

  17. Mairaaki is an advanced online store offering different gifting items for anniversary, birthdays, and other occasions. You don't have to hassle for getting your order, instead, the order will be delivered at your place without having to go out of your way.

  18. We appreciate you sharing this knowledge with us because it will help a lot of people. For those who wish to learn more about mobile app development companies, it is really helpful.
    Visit:- thesis writing services


Post a Comment

Popular posts from this blog

Crime Scene Search Methods

The Crime Scene is search for the physical evidences (visible or invisible). There are various types of search methods employed by the investigating officers and the forensic scientists at the scene of crime. The searching methods mainly depends on: Type of Crime (Rape, murder, burglary, theft, etc.) Nature of Crime (Homicide, suicide, or accident) Size of the crime scene (macroscopic or microscopic) Location of the crime scene (indoor, outdoor, combination of indoor or outdoor, or any remote area like underwater, desert, etc.) Complexity of the crime scene  Before deciding the search method, all the investigators and the forensic experts must follow the general guidelines (check list) to observe the crime scene after due recording: 1. Are the doors and windows locked or unlocked? Open or shut?  2. Are there signs of forced entry, such as tool marks or broken locks? 3. Is the house or the crime scene is in good order? If not, do

Introduction to Forensic Ballistics

By Dr. Bhoopesh Kumar Sharma Forensic Expert & Associate Professor Introduction to Ballistics: The term ballistics refers to the science of study of the action, motion and  behaviour  of a projectile during its flight in any given medium. The flight path of a bullet includes:  • Travel down the barrel  (Internal Ballistics), • Path through the air  (External Ballistics),  and  • Path through a target  (Terminal Ballistics) Forensic Ballistics: Is that branch of forensic science which deals with the examination of the firearm and related evidences encountered at the scene of crime in a shooting incident, and their linkage to the firearm, and Identification of the shooter. A ballistic expert need to answer the following questions: 1. Type of The Firearms used 2. Identification of the Firearm 3. Individual Characteristics of Firearm 4. Range of Firing 5. Direction of Firing 6. Identification of the Shooter 7. Medico legal aspects: - Suic